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Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: Acne Scar Treatments And Removal

Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: Acne Scar Treatments And Removal

shutterstock 106306331 300x200 - Florida Dermatologist FAQ's: Acne Scar Treatments And RemovalAcne scars can have an adverse effect on the youthful appearance of the face. These scars can last for a lifetime if left untreated. It is possible to treat specific types of acne scars with non-surgical dermatology treatments. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides safe and proven skin care treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and surrounding locations in Florida.

 

Skin Resurfacing Treatments to Soften Acne Scars

Cutting-edge laser systems use ablative as well as non-ablative energy to improve the appearance of acne scars and resurface damaged skin. 

Sublative rejuvenation systems powered by radio frequency (RF) energy can also be used to improve the appearance of acne and injury-related scarring. These treatments soften the appearance of scars as well as enhance the skin by improving textural irregularities. 

RF-based systems are distinct from laser or light-based treatments. It involves delivering targeted fractionated bi-polar radio frequency (RF) heat energy to the inner skin layers (dermis) to rejuvenate the tissue in the region. 

This treatment will effectively “jump-start” the healing process of the body and encourage the production of new collagen without causing harm to the superficial skin layer. Therefore, eMatrix involves minimal post-treatment downtime. 

The fractionated laser technology used in laser-based skin resurfacing procedures improve the skin surface. Laser energy encourages the production of new skin cells to fill in sites of acne scarring. Ablative lasers work aggressively on the scar while non-ablative lasers promote the development of collagen without any damage to the surface of the skin. 

IPL (intense pulsed light) photo facials can effectively improve raised and discolored scars as well as textural aberrations on the skin’s surface. 

 

Injectable Dermal Fillers

Dermal filler injectables, such as Restylane, Juvederm, and Perlane, can help fill the pockmarks and depressions because of deep acne scars. 

Juvederm Voluma XC (Voluma)

Innovative HA-based dermal filler Juvederm Voluma is the only FDA-approved filler which is designed to add fullness to depleted facial areas. 

This is an excellent treatment for individuals who are unhappy with a tired-looking, gaunt face. Voluma is particularly effective in creating fullness in three regions of the mid-face and cheek, namely the apple, apex, and hollow of the cheek.

Chemical Peels 

Chemical peels are non-invasive skin rejuvenation procedures that involve the use of chemical solutions to slow away discolored, damaged, and scarred skin to reveal smoother, radiant skin with more even texture and color.

Medium or strong chemical peels are typically used to treat uneven skin tone due to hyperpigmentation (melasma, skin darkening, sun spots) and other types of dyschromia (irregular pigmentation). This peel impedes the development of tyrosinase, which is an enzyme that helps in the production of melanin. Melanin offers the skin it’s color (pigment).

In addition, the peel develops a more even skin tone and has been shown to improve the appearance of acne and injury-related scarring on facial skin. 

Pharmaceutical Strength Skincare Products

Patients may consider advanced at-home scar treatments that are available only through cosmetic surgeons and dermatologists. These effective treatments consist of active ingredients that prevent the development of scars while greatly improving the appearance of existing scars.

These treatments are made with robust ingredients to improve textural unevenness such as scarring while toning, brightening, and smoothing skin at the same time. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and nearby areas in Florida for advanced and innovative skin care procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: Acne Treatment And Prevention

shutterstock 158784008 300x200 - Florida Dermatologist FAQ's: Acne Treatment And PreventionToday various dermatology treatments are available to improve or eliminate acne conditions. To accomplish safe and effective outcomes, patients should work with an experienced dermatologist with specialization in acne treatments. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides safe and proven skin care treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and surrounding locations in Florida.

 

Prescription Medications

Retinoids

These medications are available in the form of lotion, cream, and gel. Retinoids are a derivative of vitamin A and include adapalene, tretinoin, and tazarotene. The application starts slowly, around three times a week and then daily as the skin acclimatizes to it. Retinoid medications work by preventing the clogging of hair follicles. 

Topical Antibiotics

Antibiotics will eliminate excess bacteria and resolve redness. In the initial few weeks or months, the patient may have to use retinoids combined with antibiotics. The antibiotics are typically combined with benzoyl peroxide to reduce the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.

Oral Antibiotics

The dermatologist may prescribe oral antibiotics to treat harmful bacteria and fight swelling in the case of moderate to severe acne

The treatment options for addressing acne include tetracyclines, such as doxycycline and minocycline. After the symptoms begin to subside or if it is obvious that the medication is not working, the dermatologist will taper off the drugs. 

Combined Oral Contraceptives

These drugs help in treating acne in women and teenage girls. The FDA has given the nod to a few medications that combine estrogen and progestin. These medications may lead to mild side-effects for a temporary duration. 

Anti-androgen Agent

In case oral antibiotics are ineffective, the dermatologist may prescribe the medication spironolactone for women and adolescent girls. This drug impedes the effect of androgen hormones on the sebaceous glands, which control excess oil production in the skin to minimize the development of acne. 

Oral Isotretinoin 

This medication is highly effective but has significant potential side-effects. If a patient chooses this treatment, they will have to be monitored closely by the dermatologist.

Non-Drug Therapies

Cosmetic dermatology offers various solutions, such as light-based therapies, laser resurfacing, and chemical peels, to treat certain types of acne conditions. These procedures can be undertaken in-office and have minimal risk and side-effects. Patients will need to avoid sun exposure for a few weeks following the treatment and wear a sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher.

 

Prevention of Acne

Keep your face thoroughly clean 

Regardless of whether a person has acne or not, it is vital to wash the face twice daily to remove dead skin cells, impurities, and extra oil from the surface of the skin. It is not necessarily better to wash the face more often than twice daily, as it may do more harm than good. 

The use of harsh soap, such as deodorant body soap, can further irritate already inflamed skin. It is also important to avoid scrubbing the skin vigorously with a washcloth.

Moisturize your face

Many acne products comprise components that dry the skin. Therefore, it is advisable to use a moisturizer that minimizes skin peeling and dryness. The use of “noncomedogenic” products may be helpful as these do not cause acne. There are moisturizers developed for dry, oily, or combination skin. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and nearby areas in Florida for advanced and innovative skin care procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: What causes acne?

shutterstock 159547964 300x192 - Florida Dermatologist FAQ's: What causes acne?Acne refers to undesirable blemishes that develop on the face and may occur at any time for various reasons. Acne breakouts usually occur at a younger age. 

But now acne is increasingly becoming an issue even among adults. Stubborn acne problems require an individualized treatment approach to accomplish long-lasting outcomes.

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides safe and proven skin care treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and surrounding locations in Florida.

 

Acne Factors 

Four main dermatology factors that contribute to acne are as follows:

  • Blocked pores
  • Excess oil production in the skin
  • Dead skin cells
  • Bacteria build-up

Acne usually develops on the face, chest, neck, back, and shoulders. These areas have the highest number of sebaceous glands that generate oil. Acne develops when the hair follicles get clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Hair follicles and oil glands are connected. The skin and hair receive lubrication from the secretion of these glands.

This secretion is known as sebum, and it usually travels along the hair shafts and through the openings of the hair follicle onto the surface of the skin. 

When there is excessive sebum production, it can combine with dead skin cells to accumulate in the hair follicles. This creates a soft plug and an optimal environment for bacteria to thrive. If the bacteria infect the plugged pores, inflammation will occur. 

The follicle wall may bulge due to the blocked pore, causing a whitehead or a blackhead. Acne appears as elevated red spots with a while center, which develops when inflammation or infection occurs within the clogged hair follicles. Inflammation and blockages that develop deep within hair follicles create cyst-like lumps underneath the skin’s surface.

 

Factors that Aggravate Acne

Hormones

Both boys and girls experience an increased production of androgen hormones during puberty. Due to this hormone, the sebaceous glands become enlarged, and there is an increased production of sebum.  

Certain Types of Medications

Some drugs containing androgens, corticosteroids, or lithium can make acne worse. 

Diet

Several research studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including dairy products and carbohydrate-rich foods, may trigger acne. Chocolate has long been thought to worsen acne. In a research study with 14 men with acne, it was found that eating chocolate was associated with an increase in acne. 

Stress

Increased levels of stress or emotional upheavals may also worsen acne.

 

What does not Cause Acne?

Many individuals wrongly believe that oily or greasy foods, dirty skin, or cosmetics cause the development of acne. However, consuming greasy or oily food has little or no effect on acne. Also, dirt in the skin does not cause acne. 

In fact, it is important for patients to avoid scrubbing the skin vigorously or cleansing with harsh soaps as skin irritation may make acne worse. It’s also prudent to use makeup that is oil-free to avoid pore blockage. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and nearby areas in Florida for advanced and innovative skin care procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: Acanthosis Nigricans Causes And Treatment

shutterstock 223888042 300x200 - Florida Dermatologist FAQ's: Acanthosis Nigricans Causes And TreatmentVarious medical factors can lead to acanthosis nigricans (AN). But, it can also develop in otherwise healthy people. 

This condition occurs most commonly in people of African descent. Some cases are genetically inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. In fact, only one parent needs to have an abnormal gene for the child to inherit this dermatology condition. 

Diabetes is a medically-related factor that causes acanthosis nigricans. Obesity, which causes diabetes and other endocrine disorders, is also a medically-related cause. 

Certain medications such as human growth hormone or oral contraceptives can be a cause as well. Cancers of the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract or lymphoma have been known to cause severe cases of AN. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides safe and proven skin care treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and surrounding locations in Florida.

 

Affected Populations

Acanthosis nigricans may manifest at any age. Many benign types develop during childhood or puberty. However, the onset of malignant AN usually occurs after the age of 40 years. But there have been a few rare instances in which malignant AN developed during childhood. 

The frequency of occurrence of acanthosis nigricans in the US is not well known. However, a study of over 1400 children showed that around 7.1 percent displayed signs of AN. In another study of obese adults who weighed at least twice their optimal body weight, it was found that over 50 percent showed signs of AN.

 

Treatment

Acanthosis nigricans treatment is focused on the specific symptoms that are apparent in each patient. Such treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a skilled dermatologist

Treatment direct towards correcting or managing an underlying disease or other causative condition may resolve AN, such as suitable hormone replacement therapy for those with specific endocrine disorders; removal of meds that may lead to drug-induced AN, if possible; and/or other measures to help decrease insulin resistance. 

Additionally, in certain cases, such as those with insulin resistance related to diabetes mellitus, disease management may include measures such as making necessary dietary modifications; routinely monitoring blood levels; taking certain drugs orally (by mouth), receiving suitable insulin replacement therapy; and/or other measures.

As stated above, people with pseudoacanthosis nigricans may experience an improvement in certain AN-related skin conditions with adequate weight loss under a doctor’s guidance. But the pigmentary changes may persist. Additionally, for some people with AN, recommended treatment may include the use of specific synthetic, vitamin A-like compounds (retinoids) taken by mouth or applied to the skin (topically).

Disease management in the case of malignant acanthosis nigricans involves treatment by oncologists (cancer specialists). 

The form, grade, and stage of the malignancy and other factors will determine the recommended treatment which may include the surgical removal of cancer; administration of specific anti-cancer medications (chemotherapy); radiation therapy, and/or other measures.

At times, genetic counseling may be beneficial to affected people and their families (such as those with hereditary benign AN, or other underlying genetic reasons for AN development). Other treatment for this condition is supportive and symptomatic.

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and nearby areas in Florida for advanced and innovative skin care procedures. 

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Florida Dermatologist FAQ’s: What is Acanthosis Nigricans?

shutterstock 143274538 300x296 - Florida Dermatologist FAQ's: What is Acanthosis Nigricans?Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. Patients should consult with an experienced dermatologist to determine the right treatment approach for their condition. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides safe and proven skin care treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and surrounding locations in Florida.

 

Signs and Symptoms

Dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture are the most notable sign of acanthosis nigricans. The impacted skin areas may also be itchy or have an odor:

These patches may develop on skin folds and other regions, including:

  • Groin
  • Armpits
  • Soles of the feet
  • Knuckles
  • Neck
  • Elbows
  • Knees
  • Lips
  • Palms

Acanthosis nigricans may sometimes indicate a more serious medical condition, such as prediabetes. The most successful treatments focus on identifying and resolving medical conditions that may be causing this symptom. After the root condition is treated successfully, these patches usually disappear. 

 

Who is at Risk for Acanthosis Nigricans?

Acanthosis nigricans may develop in both men and women. It occurs most commonly in individuals who are overweight, have darker skin and diabetes or prediabetic conditions. Children who develop acanthosis nigricans experience a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. 

The frequency of acanthosis nigricans differs between various ethnic groups. The American Academy of Dermatology reports that individuals of African, Caribbean, or Hispanic heritage are also at a higher risk. In case the body mass index (BMI) is well above normal, all ethnic groups are equally at risk of developing acanthosis nigricans.

 

What causes Acanthosis Nigricans?

Acanthosis nigricans skin patches develop when epidermal skin cells start reproducing rapidly. High levels of insulin in the blood most commonly trigger this abnormal skin cell growth. In rare instances, the increase in skin cells may occur due to cancer, drugs, or other medical conditions. 

 

How is Acanthosis Nigricans Diagnosed?

Acanthosis nigricans is easily recognizable by sight. The doctor may want to examine the patient for diabetes or insulin resistance as the cause. These tests may include fasting insulin or blood glucose tests. 

In addition, the doctor may review the patient’s medications to see if they are contributing to this condition. The doctor may also perform other tests, such as a small skin biopsy, to eliminate other possible causes. 

 

How is Acanthosis Nigricans Treated?

Acanthosis nigricans is not a disease. It is a symptom of another condition that may necessitate medical care. The treatment is primarily focused on addressing the condition behind it. In case the patient is overweight, the doctor will advise them to lose weight. The doctor may also prescribe meds to bring their blood sugar under control. 

In case the condition has developed due to drugs or supplements, the doctor may ask the patient to stop using them or recommend substitutes. The discolored skin patches will typically disappear upon identifying and controlling the cause. 

 

Cosmetic Treatments

Patients who are concerned about the appearance of their affected skin may consider cosmetic treatments, such as:

  • Skin lighteners, such as Retin-A, 20 percent urea, alpha hydroxy acids, and salicylic acid
  • Antibacterial soaps
  • Oral acne meds
  • Laser therapy

While these treatments cannot cure the condition, they can improve the appearance of acanthosis nigricans.

 

Ongoing Care and Prevention

In general, following a healthy lifestyle can typically prevent acanthosis nigricans. Losing weight, consuming a balanced diet, and adjusting any medications that are contributing to the condition are all vital steps.

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, and nearby areas in Florida for advanced and innovative skin care procedures.  

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Signs and Symptoms

shutterstock 103073567 300x200 - Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Signs and SymptomsBabies and children less than five years of age are most susceptible to catching hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD). 

This disease occurs commonly in this age bracket as it takes time for the human body to develop immunity to the virus that causes HFMD. While older children and adults can contract HFMD, it is less common. 

Outbreaks (when many individuals in one area suddenly develop the condition) of HFMD happen around the globe. Such outbreaks may be more common in Asia. There were almost two million cases of HFMD in China in the year 2015. 

The largest outbreak happened in Taiwan in 1998, and over 12o,000 people were afflicted at this time. In the US, outbreaks are rare.

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and surrounding communities.

 

Symptoms of HFMD

Most signs and symptoms clear within 7 to 10 days when a child catches HFMD. The following may occur during this time:

Days 1–2

For the initial one to two days, the child may feel unwell and display one of the following symptoms:

  • A sore throat
  • A mild fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Loss of appetite

 

Days 3–7 (or longer)

The above symptoms tend to clear in one or two days, and the following may occur:

  • An itchy rash, often on the feet, hands, or both
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Mouth sores

Mouth sores

A majority of children have a few painful mouth sores, which often occur on the tongue. Sores can also develop in other areas of the mouth, including the roof of the mouth. Sores tend to start developing as bright pink spots or tiny bumps and subsequently turn into blisters, which can be painful.

Itchy rash

An itchy rash tends to occur on the feet or hands. But it can also develop in other areas of the body, such as the elbows or knees.

A child can develop all the signs and symptoms of this disease, but most children only have a few. 

 

Signs and Symptoms in Adults

A majority of adults who contract HFMD do not develop any signs or symptoms. If they do, the signs and symptoms are the same as those that occur in children. 

The signs and symptoms clear rapidly. Most signs and symptoms clear within 7 to 10 days. Children below the age of two years may remain sick for longer as it may take their bodies more time to eliminate the virus. 

 

What causes HFMD?

HFMD is a contagious disease which spreads when a person who has HFMD passes a virus that leads to the disease to another person. There are various viruses that can cause this disease.

In order to catch a virus that causes HFMD, a person typically needs to be in close proximity to the infected individual. A person can get this virus when they:

  • Swallow (or breathe in) droplets of infected mucus, salvia, or feces
  • Touch fluid from a blister caused by HFMD
  • Handle a contaminated article, such as a doorknob

A person can also get HFMD when they swallow water from a swimming pool with particles of infected feces. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and nearby areas for dermatologic as well as medical spa procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease

shutterstock 109743647 300x200 - Hand-Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseHand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious condition that occurs due to a virus. Multiple viruses can cause this disease, but the signs are typically the same:

  • Mouth sores
  • An itchy rash on the hands, feet, or both

A person can get HFMD by being in close contact with an individual who has it. They can also catch it when they touch something, such as a doorknob or toy, contaminated with a virus that causes the disease.

Many people are worried that they can catch HFMD from a pet or another animal. However, this is not possible as animals cannot get HFMD. 

Certain animals get a different disease known as foot-and-mouth disease (also called hoof-and-mouth disease). The foot-and-mouth disease only occurs in animals that have hooves, such as pigs, sheep, and cows. It is not possible for people to contract it. 

HFMD tends to be mild in the US. It typically:

  • Occurs in children below the age of five years
  • Resolves on its own in 7 to 10 days without leaving any trace

After HFMD clears, the individual who had it develops immunity to the virus that leads to the disease. As various viruses can cause HFMD, certain people get it again from a different virus.

In the US, a majority of individuals catch HFMD during the spring, summer, or fall, which is when the viruses that cause it are most likely to proliferate. This disease tends to occur in the tropics all year round. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and surrounding locations.

 

How long is a person with HFMD contagious?

Individuals who get HFMD tend to be most contagious during the initial week that they have the virus. 

In order to prevent the spread of the virus to others, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends keeping a child with HFMD home until the:

  • Sores heal
  • Fever stops

The CDC recommends this as children usually have close contact with each other. This can spread the virus.

 

Recommendations for Preventing the Spread of HFMD

There is presently no vaccine available for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), which can potentially lower a person’s risk of getting it. 

A majority of people catch the infection when someone in their home has HFMD. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), when someone in a household has HFMD or a person travels to a region of the world where HFMD outbreaks are common, such as parts of Asia:

A person should wash their hands with soap and water often. Washing the hands is particularly important in the following circumstances:

  • After changing diapers or potty training
  • After using the toilet
  • Prior to eating
  • Prior to preparing food

It is also important to avoid close contact with anyone who has HFMD. This disease usually spreads when an infected individual sneezes or coughs. Until it is certain that the infected person cannot spread the virus to others, it is advisable not to get too close, if possible.

While a majority of people are not contagious after 7 to 10 days, it can take longer.  As the virus can spread with close contact, it also helps to avoid hugging, kissing, and sharing food with the infected individual.

Disinfecting counters, doorknobs, and other surfaces that people often touch is also a good idea. The virus that leads to HFMD can spread from one individual to another upon touching an infected surface. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and nearby areas for dermatologic as well as medical spa procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Genital Warts: Tips For Managing

shutterstock 88118581 300x247 - Genital Warts: Tips For ManagingAnyone can be affected by genital warts due to a variety of reasons. The key is to identify the problem early and take appropriate medical steps to address the condition. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and surrounding communities. 

 

How to Manage Genital Warts

The following approaches can help reduce a person’s risk of contracting HPV and genital warts:

Get an HPV vaccine

In case a person is aged between 9 and 26 years, they may be eligible for an HPV vaccine. There are two HPV vaccines.

One of these vaccines is “quadrivalent,” which means that it offers protection against four types of HPV. This vaccine is for males and females between the ages of 9 and 26 years. 

It can prevent the types of HPV that cause a majority of genital warts. A person will need to get three shots to be fully vaccinated. A person should get all three shots prior to their first sexual encounter for the vaccine to be most effective. 

Both HPV vaccines offer protection to women from most forms of cervical cancer. 

Use a condom during sex 

A latex condom may decrease the risk of contracting genital warts. Condoms do not cover all skin in the genital region. For this reason, they do not always prevent an infected person from spreading HPV. 

Limit the number of sex partners 

Engaging in sex with multiple partners increases a person’s risk of getting HPV. This risk is lower when a person is in a faithful relationship with one person. The only sure way to prevent HPV is to remain celibate, which means never to have oral, anal, or vaginal sex. 

Stop smoking

Research indicates that smokers are at a higher risk of developing genital warts in comparison to non-smokers. 

Coping with genital warts

A dermatologist may recommend the following to people:

Do not use medicine meant for the treatment of other types of warts. Other medications are good for the treatment of common warts and foot warts, but not genital warts. A patient should consult a dermatologist for the treatment of genital warts.

People with genital warts should inform their sex partners and consult a doctor. 

Use a condom during sex

It is important to use a condom during sex. A latex condom may be helpful in reducing the risk of spreading genital warts. Condoms do not cover all the skin in the genital region, meaning that condoms do not always prevent an infected individual from spreading HPV. 

 

Women

Get Pap tests (smears). Women who have undergone treatment for genital warts should receive Pap tests (smears) as recommended by their doctors. Pap tests are the ideal way to detect early abnormal changes in the cervix, and this can prevent death from cervical cancer. In case a woman has an abnormal Pap test, she should follow up with their doctor.

It can be life-changing to get genital warts, and the patient may find it reassuring to talk to others and join support groups.

Why are Pap smears and biopsies performed?

The Pap smear checks for changes in the cervix that could occur due to an HPV infection. It can also check for cervical cancer. Cancer in the cervix can be cured with early treatment. 

There is a close relationship between HPV infection and cervical cancer. Therefore, women with HPV must be monitored cautiously for cancer. 

The types of HPV that lead to genital warts tend to be different from the ones that cause cancer. But as patients can be infected with more than one type of HPV infection, it is vital to stay on track with cervical cancer screening recommendations and appointments as directed by the doctor. 

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and nearby areas for dermatologic as well as medical spa procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Genital Warts: Who Gets Them and Causes

shutterstock 98409884 200x300 - Genital Warts: Who Gets Them and CausesIt is possible for anyone who has sex to become infected by human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts. Almost 50 percent of people who have sex have had an HPV infection, and it occurs most commonly before the age of 30. 

But not everyone who gets an HPV infection develops genital warts. A majority of people never develop these warts as the body’s immune system fights the virus. A majority of people get rid of the virus in a few years and are not contagious any longer.

Individuals with a weakened immune system may be unable to fight the virus. Genital warts grow when the body cannot fight HPV. An individual’s immune system may become weak from conditions such as AIDS or cancer. Certain medications, such as those to prevent organ rejection, also cause a weakened immune system. 

Research indicates that smokers experience a higher risk of developing genital warts in comparison to non-smokers, but it is not clear why.

At times, a child gets genital warts. In exceptional cases, an infected mother can pass the virus to her infant during childbirth. Warts may not manifest immediately. Genital warts in a child can indicate sexual abuse as well.

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and surrounding locations.

 

What causes genital warts?

Genital warts spread from an individual who has HPV to another person in the following ways:

  • Sex (vaginal, anal, or oral)
  • Genital contact (genitals touch)
  • Childbirth (from infected mother to infant)

Genital warts may not appear until weeks or months following sex with an infected individual. 

 

Complications

The complications associated with genital warts may include:

Cancer

There has been shown to be a close link between cervical cancer and genital HPV infection. Specific forms of HPV are also associated with cancer of the anus, cancer of the penis, cancer of the vulva, and cancer of the mouth and throat. 

Human papillomavirus infection does not always cause cancer. However, it is still vital for women to have regular Pap tests, especially if they have been infected with high-risk forms of HPV.  

Problems during Pregnancy

Genital warts may lead to issues during pregnancy. Warts could become large, making it challenging to urinate. Warts on the vaginal wall may impact the ability of the vaginal tissues to stretch during childbirth. Large warts in the vagina or on the vulva can bleed when stretched during childbirth. 

In rare cases, a baby born to a mother with genital herpes may develop warts in their throat. The baby may require surgery to ensure that their airway is clear. 

 

Prevention

The use of a condom each time a person engages in sex can significantly decrease the risk of contracting genital warts. While condoms can reduce the risk, it cannot entirely eliminate it. A person can still become infected with genital warts.

 

Vaccination

A vaccine called Gardasil protects against four strains of HPV that leads to cancer and is used to prevent genital warts. The US Food and Drug Administration approved a vaccine known as Gardasil 9 in 2014, which protects against nine strains of HPV. 

Another vaccine, known as Cervarix, protects against cervical cancer but does not offer protection from genital warts. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends routine vaccination boys and girls aged between 11 and 12 years.

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and nearby areas for dermatologic as well as medical spa procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

Genital Warts: Signs And Symptoms

shutterstock 144796990 300x300 - Genital Warts: Signs And SymptomsOne of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections is genital warts

Almost all sexually active people will become infected by at least one form of human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that leads to genital warts, at some time in their lives. It is somewhat more likely for women to develop genital warts in comparison to men. 

Genital warts, as the same suggests, impact the moist tissues of the genital region. These warts may appear as small, flesh-hued bumps or have a cauliflower-like appearance. Genital warts are too small to be noticeable in many cases. 

Similar to warts that appear on other areas of the body, genital warts are also caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Certain strains of genital HPV can lead to genital warts, while others may cause cancer. Vaccines can offer protection against certain strains of genital HPV. 

Suncoast Skin Solutions, led by board certified dermatologist Dr. Christopher Ewanowski, provides advanced dermatology treatments to patients in Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and surrounding communities. 

 

Symptoms

Genital warts occur in various shapes and sizes. Certain people get a few warts, while others develop many warts.

The most common symptoms (what is visible) of these warts are as follows:

  • Tiny, scattered bumps that are skin-colored or slightly darker
  • A cluster of bumps that appear similar to cauliflower
  • Growths in the genital region can be elevated or flat and rough or smooth

Genital warts usually do not have symptoms. At times, the warts may burn, itch, hurt, or bleed. 

Genital warts may appear on the following body areas:

 

Females

  • Vulva (external female genitals)
  • Vagina
  • Cervix
  • Groin

 

Males

  • Penis
  • Scrotum
  • Thigh
  • Groin

 

Females and Males

  • In the throat or mouth following oral sex with an infected individual
  • In or around the anus after engaging in anal sex with a person with HPV

Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection, and they can manifest on the genitals, in the pubic region, or in the anal canal. 

Women may experience genital warts on the walls of the vagina, the vulva, the region between the external genitals and the anus, the anal canal, and the cervix. 

In males, these warts may develop on the anus, the shaft or tip or the penis, or the scrotum. In addition, genital warts may also occur in the throat or mouth of a person who has oral sexual contact with an infected individual. 

The signs and symptoms associated with genital warts are as follows:

  • Tiny, flesh-hued, or gray swellings in the genital region
  • Multiple warts close together to take on a cauliflower-like appearance
  • Discomfort or itching in the genital region
  • Bleeding with intercourse

Genital warts can be so tiny and flat that they are not visible to the naked eye. However, these warts may multiply into substantial clusters. 

 

Risk Factors

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, almost all sexually active individuals will become infected with at least one form of HPV at some point in their lives. The factors that heighten the risk of becoming infected include:

  • Engaging in unprotected sex with multiple partners
  • Having another sexually transmitted infection
  • Having sex with a person whose sexual history is unknown
  • Becoming sexually active at a young age

Dr. Ewanowski’s skin care clinic receives patients from Tampa, Brandon, Lutz, Seminole, Riverview, Brooksville, Winter Haven, Daytona Beach, Largo, St. Petersburg, Ocala, Sarasota, Palm Harbor, Central Florida, Florida, and nearby areas for dermatologic as well as medical spa procedures.

SunCoast Skin Solutions Dermatology offices are located in Tampa / Hillsborough, St. Petersburg / Pinellas County, Brandon, Lutz (2 locations), Winter Haven, Largo, Riverview, Brooksville, Ocala, Largo at Bardmoor, Daytona Beach, Sarasota, and Palm Harbor, Florida. Contact us at 1-844-786-3376 or click here.

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